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A Chinese copy is an exact copy of something, reproducing its defects as well as its other qualities.
The Chinese wrote their histories and other documents upon perishable material such as bamboo. To preserve them, they developed the custom of regularly copying them. In their craft and engineering traditions, such as shipbuilding, literacy was not common and so manufactures were reproduced by eye.
Exact copies may be made to reverse-engineer a product. Such copies, if produced without the involvement or consent of the original designer, may constitute an infringement of a patent, trademark or copyright.
The following are cases where use of the term "Chinese copy" correctly implies the close imitation of existing products.
- Shuanghuan SCEO, an off-road vehicle manufactured by the Chinese auto maker Shuanghuan since 2007.
- BYD F8, a 2-door convertible car very similar in appearance to the Mercedes CLK from the front and Renault Megane CC from the rear. BYD Auto, a subsidiary of Chinese battery manufacturer BYD Company, have recently produced a succession of vehicles which "resemble models from Toyota, Daihatsu, Honda, Mercedes Benz, Buick, Subaru and ... BMW".
- Shenyang J-11B a multirole fighter aircraft manufactured by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation. In 1995, China secured a $2.5 billion production agreement which licensed China to build 200 Soviet-designed Sukhoi Su-27SK aircraft using Russian-supplied kits. Under the terms of the agreement, these aircraft would be outfitted with Russian avionics, radars and engines. The agreement was terminated in 2006 at 95 aircraft when Russia discovered that China had reverse-engineered the technology and was developing an indigenous version, the J-11B.
- ↑ Henriette Mertz, Gods from the Far East, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=_SQLYqe5Z8cC&pg=PA82
- ↑ Colin Alistair Ronan, The shorter science and civilisation in China, 4, http://books.google.com/books?id=PehoSnJfstUC&pg=PA24
- ↑ Rudolf Callman, "16.2 (d) "Chinese Copy"", The law of unfair competition and trade-marks, 1, pp. 249-251, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=AhW5AAAAIAAJ
- ↑ BusinessWeek: Chinese Copy BMW and Mercedes
- ↑ MotorAuthority: Another Chinese copy, the BYD F8
- ↑ Chinese version of Russian jet endangers bilateral relations
- ↑ "Chinese Aircraft - J-11 [Su-27 FLANKER"]. Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/j-11.htm.
- ↑ Wendell Minnick. "Russia Admits China Illegally Copied Its Fighter". DefenceNews. http://www.defensenews.com/story.php?i=3947599&c=ASI&s=AIR.
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